Branches of Plymouth Brethren

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The goal within the History is a complete list of every gathering that has existed in a province (or state) that has roots (or definite influence from) within any branch of the Brethren movement. If an assembly has changed in affiliation/format, that is noted with the abbreviation in parentheses, if known. In the examples where nothing is listed next to an era, it should be presumed it maintained the same affiliation as prior or subsequent. The following is the legend for various abbreviations listed in parentheses:

  • (OB): Open Brethren: As opposed to the Closed or Exclusive Brethren. May refer to Chapels, Halls, or other types of names of churches that retain Brethren flavor (whether "loose" (open table or Chapel) or "tight" (guarded table or Hall) to visitors.  The latter prefers letters of commendation accompany visitors wishing to break bread, whereas the chapels generally ask each to examine themselves before partaking, and for non-Christians to observe.  
  • (BC): Bible Church: These are churches that are evangelical in nature, but with fewer recognizable traits or distinctives in being associated (in that era) with the Brethren movement, and a majority of its constituency may be unaware of its background.  These are included if there is verifiable link to a Brethren background, whether of the church itself, or a mother church that supported its plant.
  • (EB): a generic term belonging to the Exclusive (and/or closed) Brethren, but prior to various nameable splits.
  • (TW): Tunbridge Wells "careful" brethren network that split 1908-1909 from  Natural History Hall and/or Reading and/or Park St.  TW-N (Nepean) refers to a majority remnant group that stayed with the "old paths" in a North American split initiated in 1992, which in 2004 split two directions, with TW-NE (Embassy West) being the majority, and TW-NFR (Falaise Road) being mostly Maritimes and some U.S.   TW-NS (Shrewsbury) was also a 1986 split, and actually should be TW-S as it predates the Nepean-Perth split.   TW-P (Perth) refers to those from the original (1992) departure, which are essentially OB with TW roots.  
  • (KLC) is a catch-all for what was originally identified as "Kelly Brethren", but includes Lowe, Continental, and sometimes Glanton and other branches that have partially merged.    
  • (PBCC): Plymouth Brethren Christian Church, an Exclusive network led (in order) by F.E. Raven, James Taylor Sr., James Taylor Jr., James H. Symington, John S. Hales, and presently Bruce D. Hales.   
  • (FWG): Grant Brethren split initiated by Frederick William Grant in 1884, mostly Exclusive assemblies in North America, from Natural History Hall in Montreal. In 1909, some Grant brethren partially merged with Glanton & Stuart brethren, then in 1911 a full reunion of fellowship. In 1928, some of the Grant brethren joined the Opens, the ones that remained followed A.E. Booth. In 1946, the remaining Booth/Grant brethren split, some became known as Ames brethren (which continues as such), others joined the KLC, which split in 2000.

More initials forthcoming as relevant to this list. See Assemblies Worldwide for a more exhaustive list of historic branches.

If a link is in RED, no page has been developed for the assembly yet, and history is forthcoming, D.V.  If it is in BLUE, there is additional data.   Hyperlinks are generally reserved for the last known name of the assembly (with inclusion of former names with years known as).  

Years listed are approximate (where known or theorized).  Sources include assembly address lists, ministry magazines, oral testimony, etc.  A plus sign suggests future years (or past) to be verified.   2016+ thru 2020+ indicates presumed present existence unless otherwise noted, and present years in bold print are reserved for churches with continued (definite) Brethren association.  Lacking a plus sign in either direction indicates known beginning or end dates.   

Years with a slash may indicate what year Gospel work initiated, with the subsequent being the year the assembly first broke bread.    Some start dates in bold suggest further research, or highlight special accolades.  +1878 suggests (but not yet known) earlier start date but records unavailable, needing further research.