John A. Hammond

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According to Wikipedia, John Hammond was a "Canadian adventurer, photographer, artist, printmaker and art educator".

John A. Hammond was born April 11, 1843 in Montreal, Quebec. In 1866, he traveled to join the Central Otago Gold Rush in New Zealand, and spent three years unsuccessfully looking for gold. After returning to Montreal, he became a staff photographer for the renowned William Notman, then joined the Geological Survey of Canada that laid the west route for the Canadian Pacific Railway.

John's interest and skill in artistry was increased via his travels, and he became a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, and he painted in South Holland alongside James McNeill Whistler (artist of "Whistler's Mother) and in Paris, France with Jean=Francois Millet, an important influence of Vincent Van Gogh, Claude Monet, and Mark Twain. Hammond's works have been shown at the Paris Salon, the Royal Academy in London, the National Academy of Desigin in New York City. Currently, examples of his work may be found at the National Gallery of Canada, MNBAQ in Montreal, and some of his photography at the McCord Museum.

"In 1893, Hammond was appointed the head of the Fine Arts Dept at Mount Allison University in Sackville, NB and served as admin of the university's Owens Museum of Fine Arts." There is a "Hammond Gate" that John designed for Mount Allison University that is named in his memory.

Plymouth Brethren influence

In 1866, while traveling to join the Gold Rush in New Zealand, he was introduced to the Exclusive Plymouth Brethren, and he subsquently influenced his parents, his younger two siblings, and later his children towards the PB as well, mostly in Montreal.

John served as a correspondent for the Sackville Meeting Room, NB from 1894 thru at least 1927, but more likely until his death in 1939. This assembly was an Exclusive meeting that joined with the Tunbridge Wells division in 1909.



John's parents were Robert Hammond (1800-1883) and Elizabeth Burrell Young Hammond (1812-1882), both born in Surrey, England. They were married in 1834, and had emigrated to Montreal by the time of the birth of their first child, Robert, in 1836.


It is unknown whether any of John's elder siblings joined the PB, but according to relevant censuses, both of his younger brothers were actively involved in local assemblies.


Henry (1845-1916) married Jane Seymour Tucker (1846-1936), daughter of Robert Tucker (b. 1809) and his wife Elizabeth Ann Penruddocke Bamford Tucker (1802-1881). Elizabeth's father died in England, but her mother emigrated to Canada after her husband's death, and was presumably involved with the Natural History Hall assembly in Montreal, where Henry served in leadership from 1901-1908.

Natural History Hall is presently known as the Newman Place Christian Assembly and is presently associated with the Nepean Tunbridge Wells (TW-N) group, but welcomes many to fellowship. It may be the oldest surviving assembly in Canada, founded in 1856.

Henry and Jane had five daughters and two sons:

  • Elizabeth Agnes Hammond (1874-1973) born in Montreal, died on Valentine's in Toronto at the age of 99. No children. Both husbands preceded her in death:
    • Wilson Irwin married in 1906, officiated by Dr. John Alexander Gordon (1846-1920) at the First Baptist Church of Montreal in 1906.
    • Captain Antony Vladimir Seferovitch (b. 1870 Podgorica, Yugoslavia - d. 1953 Perce, QC) was the first appointed Consulate General of Montenegro to the U.S., stationed at 112 W. 40th St., Manhattan, NYC, in 1915, as well as in Montreal during the first World War. He donated his salary in his desire to help Serbian and Montenegrin refugees. He was also a notable oil painting artist, an example of his artwork can be viewed here as well as here.
  • Agnes H. Hammond (1875-1942) born in Newfoundland, died in Freetown, MA. She married Arthur Everett Borden (1877-1943) who was born in Fall River, MA, and they raised six children there.
  • Ethelyn Hammond (b. 1877) married George A. Holland (b. 1875), who was raised PB in Montreal, son of Alfred Theodore Holland (1850-1939) & Jessie Anderson Henderson Holland (1851-1929) who were Methodist when they wed but PB before 1881. George's grandmother (mom's mom) Jimson Henderson (b. 1814) was PB by this point, also. Five children including:
    • Ethelwyn Jamieson Holland (1900-1955) married Joseph Selie Hulse (1901-1975), who served with China Inland Mission (OMF).They had one daughter, Naomi Elizabeth Hulse, who died in China in 1938 when she was five years old of scarlet fever.
  • Henry James Hammond (1879-1975) also served in leadership with the Tunbridge Wells Exclusives from 1949-1951 at the Dunany Meeting Room, ON, an hour west of Montreal. His wife was Helen "Nettie" Letts Hammond (b. 1885), daughter of Thomas Hollins Letts (1858-1937) and Julia Eglantine Banfield Letts (1862-1939). Henry spent the last portion of his life back in Quebec, in Lachute.
  • Amelia "Millie" Hammond (1883-1979) married Archibald Frederick Thompson Harrower (b. 1874) as Baptist, then lived in Quebec City, QC. No children.
  • Sydney Bamford Hammond (1885-1959) married Ruth Alice Aird (1887-1974) at a Presybterian church in 1914, and they had two children: Ruth Louise Hammond, that died as an infant in 1922.  2nd was John Clifford Hammond (1918-1942) died at the age of 24.  
    • Ruth's father was James M. Aird, whose profession was "Master Baker" in 1887, and identified as "Christian".   Her mother was Maria Louisa Jamieson Aird.   James & Louisa were practicing PB as early as 1891, including James' mother Mary (b. 1816).  In 1891, James & Louisa had a lodger (Jessie Smith)Their other children included: Florence, Mabel, James and William.
  • Doris Jane Seymour Hammond (1890-1964) married Ernest August Guignard in 1914, and relocated to Ottawa, she died in Parry Sound, ON. Ernest was the son of Jonathan August Guignard (b. 1865) and his wife Susanne Emilie Golay (1861-1914). Jonathan served in leadership with the Ottawa Meeting Room from 1901-1905. Further, Ernest served in leadership at the same meeting from 1944-1962. His parents were both born in Vevey, Vaud, Swizerland, his mother died in Carleton, ON. Their children included:
    • Dorris Emilie Guignard (1918-) married Richard Scott Hayhoe (1916-2009) in 1939. Richard was the son of John Cecil Hayhoe (b. 1882 Oxford ON - 1962 Toronto, ON) & Helen Marian Moore Scott Hayhoe (b. 1884 Chatham, ON - d. 1948 Toronto, ON), married 1907 in Winnipeg, MB.
      • John Cecil Hayhoe's parents were Edward John Hayhoe (1843-1913) & Susanna "Susie" Sarah Munnings Hayhoe (1854-1921); Edward's parents were Edward Hayhoe (1806-1847), born and died in Norfolk, England, & Mary Hayhoe
      • Helen Scott Hayhoe's parents were Joseph Lonsbury Scott (b. 1854 Norwich, ON - d. 1937 Toronto, ON) & Margaret "Maggie" Moore Scott (b. 1855 Norwich, ON - d. 1926 Rome, GA). Joseph's father was Claude Scott (b. 1800). Maggie's parents were Thomas Moore (b. 1814) & Elizabeth Moore (b. 1827). Joseph was raised Wesleyan Methodist, and Maggie was raised Quaker, but they claimed no religion in the first years of their marriage. By 1891 though, they identified as Plymouth Brethren, but none of their parents or siblings followed suit.
    • Suzanne "Toosie" Guignard (1920-2016) married Arthur DeGraaf (1921-1980), who was born in Fremont, MI. Both died in Grand Rapids, MI.
      • Arthur's parents were Henry DeGraaf (b. 1891 Netherlands - 1956) & Bertha Roossinck (b. 1886 Germany - d. 1944) who were both PB and died in Grand Rapids, MI also.
        • Henry's parents were Jan DeGraaf (1861-1928) & Berendje "Bernice" Palland (1856-1947).
          • Jan DeGraaf's parents were Hindrik DeGraaf (1830-1884) & Jantje "Jan" Jager DeGraaf (1842-1911).
          • Berendje Palland DeGraaf's father was Pieter Palland.
            • Jantje's parents were Barteld Willems Jager (1807-1842) & Anna Jans Dijk (1814-1905). After Barteld died, Anna remarried Fredrik Smit (1812-1877).
        • Bertha's parents would have been John G. Roossinck (1855-1945) & Adelheid Wilhelmina "Minnie" Geyer Roossink (1860-1942).
          • Minnie's parents were Alex Geyer (1824-1907) & Aleida Christine Hemker (1832-1874). Aleida was Alex's 2nd wife of three.
            • Alex's parents were Johann Geier (b. 1785) & Anna Elsabein ten Hagenoder Hages (1792-1868)
            • Aleide's parents were Hermann Heinrich Hemker & Aleid Korthus, married in 1827.

John's other younger brother, Albert Hammond (1850-1917) also joined the PB, and died in Carleton, Ontario, which is a southwest suburb of Ottawa. There have been many TW meeting rooms in that area, including the Ottawa Meeting Room, ON, which is the second oldest surviving assembly spanning throughout Ontario, founded in 1863.


In 1872, John married Sarah Acres (b. 1836 Ontario - d. 1900 Sackville, NB). They were married in Montreal at Zion Congregational, officiated by Dr. Henry Wilkes (1805-1886) founding pastor. Sarah was born in Ontario, to William & Jane Acres, both born in Ireland. She had a brother named Richard Acres, who assisted the wedding. They had no children.

Subsequent to Sarah's death in 1900, John remarried Katharine Jeannette Stark (186(7/9)-1942), in Arkville, New York. Katharine was born in Waltham, Massachusetts to John Stark (1827-1887) & Catherine "Kate" Stark (1835-1907), both of Scotland. Katharine's father was employed as a machinist. John died in Waltham, while Kate died in Sackville, and it might be inferred that Kate could arguably have been in fellowship with the Sackville Meeting Room with her daughter and son-in-law in her last years. Although in 1900, she was living in Manhattan, NY with three of her grown daughters (including Katharine).

At 63, John (and Katharine) had one daughter:

  • Katharine Elisabeth Hammond (1906-1985) married Rev. Charles Arthur "Karl" Krug (1906-1985) in 1932.
    • Karl was born in Chesley, Bruce, Ontario to William Francis Graham Krug (1865-1950) & Anna Maria "Mary Ann" Braun Krug (1867-1951). He graduated from Emmanuel College, of the University of Toronto. In a 1926 yearbook it was commented: "A rose for our Decembers; Places we have met Charley: At home in Chesley, at the S.C.M. cabinet meeting, at the Philosophy Club, on the mission field, and in Jim's room. His way winds over the hilltops high and fair." At some juncture, he also served as the Don of the Gate House at the University of Toronto, as well as teaching philosophy.
    • Karl preached at Bloor Street United Church, then he held the Hart Almerrin Massey Chair in Philosophy (1931-1943), and Head of the Philosophy & Psychology Dept (1943-1947) at Mount Allison University in Sackville. During WWII, he served as a Canadian army intelligence officer with the joint chiefs of staff in Washington, also serving in government service in Ottawa. In his later years, he relocated back to his hometown of Chesley, and had a daily afternoon radio news program for CKNX, as reported by a news outlet in 1958. Karl & Katharine had three children including Karla Rattenbury